Wednesday, April 1, 2020

A different rig for the Ranger 26

The world falling apart has put the Ranger 26 into VolksCruiser on the back burner for a bit. But, in the meantime, I'll tease you with a possible variation of how the finished boat might wind up as...

...a junk.

More. hopefully, soon come.

Stay safe.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

A guest post from Dave Zeiger on a VolksCruising TriloBoat...


A VolksCruising, Blue Water TriloBoat
By Dave Zeiger at ​triloboats.blogspot.com

Full disclosure... Anke and my blue water experience is entirely vicarious. I do not recommend a TriloBoat to venture far offshore as I lack blue-water performance data.

I can confidently say a TriloBoat hull wouldn’t be the ​worst​ choice. A good design, built robustly and competently handled, they should survive anything a similar vessel can, and do so more comfortably than many.

In a VolksCruiser, I look for:
  • Tolerably small ​(small is beautiful! - ​E.F.Schumacher​)
  • Simple hull shape ​(easily lofted, easily built)
  • Simple construction ​(straightforward build from common materials)
  • Simple interior​ (avoid complicated spaces, joinery or detail)
  • Simple, durable finish​ (wipe-down, if possible; avoid varnish)
  • Simple, basic systems​ (avoid unnecessary, complex, unrepairable)
  • Simple, robust gear​ (good quality, fix-it-yourself)
  • Simple, robust rig​ (low stress, fail-safer)

It is the ​combined ​economies of these points that keep overall costs down, and often make the difference between ​Go Now ​and ​Go Never.

Our personal approaches add:
  • Flat bottom​ (easiest build, greatest volume/displacement on given dimensions)
  • Square sections​ (easiest build, highest form stability / volume / displacement, reduces ballast)
  • Ultra shoal draft​ (offers a hundred harbors to every deep one)
  • Outboard rudder​ (external, inexpensive, easy maintenance)
  • Retractable Lateral Resistance​ (lee-, center-, dagger or off-center boards (our fave)
  • Free standing, junk rig​ (inexpensive, simple to use, maintainable with DIY materials, fail-safer)
  • Copper plating​ (long lasting, non-toxic anti-fouling, mechanical protection... works particularly well with flat bottoms and panel designs)

And last, but not least:
  • Move aboard ​(If you don’t, let’s face it; our vessel is an expensive toy)



WAYWARD

Our current TriloBoat, WAYWARD at 32 x 8 x 1-1.5 feet, represents our state-of-the-art nearshore ​VolksCruiser thinking for two. We sail and scull engine-free in Southeast Alaska.

Her layout... large cutouts in interior bulkheads... total cabin space is 20ft x 8ft... ample for two:



Adjacency is arranged for the following reasons...
  • Bunk - Salon: The bunk is at the same height as salon seats, extending the social space. The dinette may be broken down and gangway planked over to form a large, flat interior platform for projects or flexi-space mode with extra storage under.
  • Salon - Galley - Cockpit: The galley can service both the salon and cockpit without isolating the cook. Food and beverages can be handed either direction with less risk of spill.
  • Galley - Cockpit: In addition, the galley serves as a pilot house. Remote steering is simplified by adjacency. We can sit on the counters with a 360deg view, and access the cockpit directly when necessary. The galley has standing headroom, which allows a wet-locker handy to the companionway. Anke can stand; I sit in the salon.

Her rig is a version of our preferred​ junk rig​. It’s DIY, cheap and easy for a couple to handle blow high, blow low and in the dark o’ night.

Factoring in Blue Water

I believe any vessel that ventures offshore should be prepared to be caught in worst-case weather.

In brief, I accept the sea-keeping proof-of-concepts for shoal draft provided by ​Monroe’s EGRET and ​Bolger’s ROMP​. They rise over and skitter away from seas rather than shoulder through them and absorb impact. They and others have been proven in hurricane conditions. ​Wise’s LMII​ and others do the same for flat-bottomed hulls.

My personal order for storm tactics is to ​evade, heave-to, run off, set ​Jordan Series Drogue​ from stern. I’d prefer the bow, but the US Coast Guard doesn’t recommend it (with bow-deployed drag devices, the hull risks being turned sideways and rolled by breaking seas).

Consequential parameters include...
  • Self-righting
  • Avoid deep, broach-prone lateral resistance
  • Favor retractable lateral resistance (including rudder)
  • Encourage downwind tracking (fixed aft skeg)
  • Water shedding cockpit
  • Poop resistant aft ​everything​ (including rudder)

A barge / scow’s generally lighter weight (less acceleration down a wave face) and immenseforward reserve buoyancy (anti-plunging) should, I believe, reduce risk of pitch-poling.

In designing a seagoing Volkscruiser, I would likely work from ​a TriloBoat toward Yann Quenet’s SKROWL concept​, preserving construction simplicity where I could. But, for the sake of discussion, let’s look at ​minimal ​changes to the full TriloBoat formula.

To take a TriloBoat offshore I’d include the following design features:
  • Heavy bottom ​and ​watertight pilot-house ​(when closed up).
  • Roll up the bow​ to ease plunging contact with green water.
  • Aft skeg​ for aft lateral resistance in aid of downwind tracking.
  • Layden chine runners ​and ​forward daggerboard​ for no-trip/broach lateral resistance.
  • Full positive buoyancy​, with ​water-tight bulkheads​ isolating cabin from holds.
  • Lower pilot house and rake its leading edge.
  • Shutter large windows​ with track-sliding and bolt-down aluminum plate.
  • Hollow, sealed, lightweight masts​ (that resist roll-over and can be raised and lowered at sea), supported by​ running shrouds.
  • Reinforced mast tabernacles with splayed struts.
  • Reinforced holdfasts, fairleads and winch(es) for Jordan Series Drogues.
  • Increased ventilation (can’t rely on windows/hatches/doors) with immersion proof designs.
  • Water tanks (vs. cannisters) and/or ​advanced solar still​.
  • Lee cloths in bunk, port and s’brd, and settee..
  • Windvane steering.
  • Wafer dinghy​ stowed flat on the deck crown.

In the following cartoon, I’ve drawn a retractable daggerboard and balanced, kick-up rudder to augment the mid-ships ​Layden Chine Runners​. I’m guessing the daggerboard wouldn’t need to be lowered to max, as shown, in order to be effective.

It needs more thought, over all, but I present this hopeful monster for your consideration...





Thoughts on Construction

Our​ lower end, ply-foam-ply approach for WAYWARD​ cost about $10K in 2014 to finish the hull, superstructure and interior (including rent, shipping, tools, etc.). We built remote... savings from scrounging, shopping and transport could reach 25%? Copper plating doubled that to $20K.

At the higher end, glass / foam composites with vacuum bag resin infusion are not as scary as they sound. Materials are initially more expensive, but like copper, prorate well over a long period of time. Maintenance effort and costs drop. I’m guessing it might add another $5K?

If venturing offshore, I would consider a rot-proof hull to be a good investment in on-board insurance. Not like you can pull over for a pit stop.

*****

If Anke and I were to go to sea, I think a vessel with a TriloBoat foundation would be a contender. We can build it with our skills and resources. I ​believe​ we’d be at least as safe at sea as most boats of a size.

As the Pardeys sing it...​ Go Small, Go Simple, Go NOW!

For more thoughts along these lines, the following are a start:

http://abargeinthemaking.blogspot.com/2013/11/baseline-design-against-which-all.html
http://abargeinthemaking.blogspot.com/2013/11/considering-curvier-dogs.html
http://triloboats.blogspot.com/2020/01/fail-safer-hull-design.html




Friday, February 14, 2020

a VolksCruiser shortlist of sorts...

So, the other day, a reader of this blog dropped me a line asking...

"What do you think the best VolksCruiser design to build is?"

Which, sorta/kinda, stopped me in my tracks.
First of all, I don't really truck all that well with the concept of "best" where boats are concerned. It's a fool's game to try and quantify something that, at best, is a compromise and, in case you haven't been paying attention; All boat are a compromise.

That said, I do like a good conundrum so I decided to make a list of elements that I consider to be needful for inclusion on such a beast:
  1. Small with a livable (spelled comfortable) interior.
  2. Shoal draft
  3. Simple rig (spelled inexpensive)
  4. No expensive systems
  5. Quick to build
  6. Affordable
Pretty simple when you think about it. Oh yeah, I expect I'll get some emails saying why wasn't "seaworthy" on that list and in my defense I'll just say that, as far as I'm concerned, seaworthiness should always be a given in any boat you build or sail so not exactly something for the need/want list.

Considering that I don't think there's a boat that would be "best" given the need/want list a few boats do pop to mind.
  1. Jessie Cooper
  2. Laura Cove
  3. L' Étroit Mousquetaire
  4. Pop 25
  5. Skrowl 900
None of them are perfect but they all will do the job and are worth taking a closer look to ascertain what comes closest to your idea of what would work for you.

More soon come on the Ranger 26 front...


Saturday, February 1, 2020

Ranger 26: First cockpit projects...

So here's a sketch from Michael (you know the Proa guy) to give you an idea what the first few projects entail...

The first order of business is to downsize the companion way and reduce some of the cockpit's floodable volume. As you can see, we're talking super simple as it's just filling up a void and installing a couple of pieces of plywood and then glassing it in.

The dodger, on the other hand, is a little trickier but still a long way from rocket science. I'd build a mock-up in cardboard to see what it will look like and, once happy with the proportions, take the cardboard pieces apart to use as patterns. After that it's just like building a stitch & glue dinghy. I'd use 1/4" exterior ply for the dodger, 1/4" plexi for the windows, and 3" glass tape to do the joins. Afterwards, glass the whole shebang inside and out with biaxial cloth followed by 4oz or 6oz cloth to finish.

Materials needed for the three projects won't break the bank but would include:
  1. One sheet of 1/4" exterior plywood but you'll only use a half sheet for these projects.
  2. Four yards of whatever biaxial cloth is on sale at your local purveyor of epoxy and glass fiber.  I use Raka for almost all of my epoxy, glass, carbon, and fillers and you might want to check them out as they always seem to have the most bang for the buck.
  3. A full roll of 3" glass tape which is way more than you need for these projects but buying by the roll saves you lots of money.
  4. One and a half gallons of epoxy/hardener, some micro spheres, and colloidal silica. Though you may want to buy more as you'll use more epoxy on other projects.
Next up is cleats, anchor rollers, and a closer look at rig options.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Ranger 26: Breaking down the problems and needful things 2...

One of the reasons I like the Ranger 26 is that it's a very sensible design and not a whole lot needs to be fixed or improved. The open transom outboard motor arrangement is simple and works, the layout in the cockpit is comfortable, and the rig is non-problematic.

That said, it could use a couple of tweaks.

The open transom outboard arrangement makes all kinds of sense but, like any open transom arrangement, it does increase the possibility of getting pooped. On the other hand, the open transom also works like like a great big cockpit drain so as long as getting pooped in confined to the cockpit we're more or less OK. So, take a look at the companionway on a Ranger 26...


With the hatch boards out you have a really big frelling hole in the boat. My general rule-of-thumb for companionways is that the bottom of the opening should be at least six-inches above the level of the cockpit seats. The best way to do this is to fiberglass the offending void but you could get by with just gluing or bolting the lower hatch board in place. My vote would be to just fiberglass the section.

Since we're now talking fiberglass we might also consider getting rid of a section of the foot well and raising it to three or four inched below the seat tops. This would cut down on the potential flooded volume of the cockpit while giving us more stowage space in the process which, to me at least, this is a win/win situation.

Before we leave the cockpit subject I'll point out that while most boats of this size may have a 9.9 or 15 HP motor a 5 or 6 HP is more than sufficient and the weight savings makes it something of a no-brainer.

Earlier I mentioned that a hard dodger would make a lot of sense and would go a long way to improve the cockpits comfort level while adding a good place to have headroom in the galley area.

Now we should wend our way forward to the bow and you'll quickly notice that the Ranger 26 lacks anything approaching a bow roller, proper fairleads, and the sort of cleats needed to handle real ground tackle. Need I say more?

Which leaves us with the rig and that includes the mast, stays, chain plates, associated hardware, and sails. This is an area where a lot of people wind up spending a lot more than the boat is worth (Especially if you don't do all of your own work). So it's an area of the project where you have to get serious. Given the Ranger 26's age and the likely chance that the standing rigging is just as old I'd go into this process that at the bare minimum you'll need to replace the stays, chainplates and associated hardware. Masts, in general, are non-problematic and last forever. You will need to look seriously at the sail inventory and while it is still pretty easy to buy good condition used sails for this size of boat so you'll have to factor all of the costs. Oh yeah, there's running rigging as well...

So, here's my take on the rig issues. If the mast is OK and your sails are good you'll only need to replace the chainplates and stays which does not have to be expensive (more on that in a future post) but if the boat does not have any sails or needs a lot of sail work it starts getting iffy. If the boat you're looking at had its rig replaced in the last ten years, has good sails, and all you need to replace is a bit of running rigging, you're home free.

Another option you might want to consider is to change rigs. I've long thought that, for cruising on a budget, that a Junk or Lug rig makes all kinds of sense. Even better would be a junk or lug that included a small jib and minimal textile rigging. The cost of building and rigging a junk or lug mast and sail is considerably cheaper than replacing the Ranger rig. There are quite a few other advantages as well but we'll get into that later.

Which now leaves us with the project list so far as:
  1. A new galley
  2. A composting head
  3. Adding more stowage
  4. Companion way reduction
  5. Footwell reduction
  6. Hard dodger
  7. Bow roller/cleats/fairleads
  8. Sorting out the rig
Next up we'll be looking at a specific project and costs in detail.


Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Ranger 26: Breaking down the problems and needful things..

Some interior musings.

When looking at the Ranger 26 a few things cry out for attention.  Most notably the galley, or should we say the lack of a galley, situation. Everybody needs to eat and anyone living on a frugal cruising budget is going to be cooking most all of their meals aboard so it is a very important system on any VolksCruiser. We're going to have to shoehorn a reasonable galley workplace where you can actually cook as opposed to just heating stuff up. Throw in the fact that you'll need easily accessible stowage for galley utensils and a means of easily washing up after cooking/dining which entails water storage and and plumbing. This area might actually be the most difficult project on the list.

Next on the list is the head. I've lived with a portapotti and you can get by with one but as a DIY composting toilet takes about the same amount of room, is actually cheaper than a portapotti or MSD, and works better so the composting toilet gets on the project list. Having a proper bathroom on a 26 foot boat is really just too problematic so we'll work along the lines that showers will be in the cockpit and work on that issue when we're working on the cockpit.

A comfortable dedicated place to sleep is important. The Ranger 26 has a dinette which can be converted into a double bed, a V berth forward and a settee which opens to a wider single if you remove the back board. My guess is the V berth makes the best choice for most folk but it is something you may want to give some serious thought to.

A place to lounge. Everybody needs a comfortable place to sit and read, watch videos, or just relax. Comfort is important and it is vital to keep this in mind while you're making decisions. For most people the settee will fill this need. Personally, I'd vote for the settee because you'll also need a workable sea berth and it can do double duty.

Stowage, of course, the boat needs more stowage, fact is all boats need more stowage. You need a place for food, water, fuel, clothes, tools, books, toys and the list tends to be endless.There are a lot of clever (dare I say cunning?) ways to maximize stowage but the real trick is to realize that a 26-foot boat is a finite space and you're going to have to do some serious need/want exercise to get that endless list down to a manageable one that will fit into a 26-foot long envelope. Your ongoing mantra will have to become...

"Less stuff more stowage!"

Which leaves us with the project list for the interior so far as:
  1. A new galley
  2. A composting head
  3. Adding more stowage
Next up we'll look at what we need to think about on the deck, cockpit, and add a wild card to the mix.

Friday, January 10, 2020

A couple of quick thoughts before we look deeper into that Ranger 26...

I'm pretty sure most everyone reading this realizes we live in a consumerist society. Fewer of those reading think that consumerism is out of control and a big problem for folks on a finite planet's ecosystem.

Everyone still seems to want that new-better-than-the-last-one iPhone. The other day I found myself being served in a Kmart by a minimum wage checker who had that very same brand new iPhone worn like so much bling on her belt and I could not help but wonder how someone working at a minimum wage job could afford one.

The answer, of course, is she couldn't.

The fact is that the pressure to consume is ever present on myriad levels and intense whether it's a phone, car, or boat. Way back when, I remember the phrase "You are what you eat" but today the more apt phrase should be "You are what you buy/spend".

Looking at various boating/cruising blogs and video channels you'd be blind not to notice a certain formula where folks decide to downsize and simplify their lives by buying a boat to go cruising.

So far, so good.

What usually follows this downsized/simplified state of affairs is an intense bout of consumerist mayhem because, when all is said and done, we are what we buy/spend...

A film you really might want to check out.


Face it, to cruise on a boat affordably in a sustainable manner you're going to have to shed the out-of-control consumerist monkey on your back.

More on the subject when we look at how we might turn that Ranger 26 into a workable VolksCruiser,

Wednesday, December 25, 2019

An interesting boat project...

So, a reader wrote me yesterday wishing happy holidaze, asking when I'd get around to some new posts of the VolksCruiser variety, and wanted my opinion of a boat (Ranger 26) he was considering.

As it happens, there are actually four different 26's Ranger built over the years designed by Gary Mull (who designed two), German Frers, and Raymond Richards. The one we're actually talking about is the first Gary Mull design built from 1969 into the 70's.

Not a lot of headroom but it has a well proven and very livable layout. I've seen people live happily in smaller spaces and at 6'5" I would not see it as being overly problematic. A hard dodger would be the first project on my list if I found myself owning such a boat.

Being a Gary Mull design, the boat sails well and has a performance edge that goes with the territory.

Oh, yeah, the asking price on the boat, which looks good, is less than $500 which is, pretty much giving it away. Worst case scenario if you bought it, cleaned it up, sorted out its issues,and made it pretty you could flip it and make a reasonable profit in the process.

More on what I'd do to morph this boat into a VolksCruiser in the next post...


Thursday, September 19, 2019

A book you might want to check out...




I just read this and it has a whole lot of good common sense information that will save you some serious money.

Need I say more?

Thursday, July 11, 2019

Some PBO goodness to check out...

The new PBO, as usual, has some great content in their August issue that is well worth checking out if you're of the VolksCruiser persuasion.

For instance:


Need I say more?